Review Of Related Literature Education Essay

The Problems of Indiscipline in Rivers State Secondary Schools: A Survey of Schools in Abua/Odual Local Government Area.

Abstraction

The intent of this survey was to look into The Problems of Indiscipline in Secondary Schools in Abua/Odual Local Government Area. One hundred instructors constituted the survey sample. Questionnaire was administered to instructors to obtain informations for five research inquiries. The statistical tool used to analyze the natural information was per centum method.

The consequences showed that deficiency of bodily penalty, irregular payment of instructors ‘ wages, hapless disposal constitutes the major jobs to indiscipline in schools. In this respect, it was suggested that bodily penalty should be introduced in schools ; besides, more and equal inducements should be provided to the instructors.

Chapter ONE:

Introduction

Background of the Study

Education in any perspective finds its utility in the countries of moral, rational, societal and religious development of the kid. This development to a great extent is a map of the quality of the educational system, which is partially measured on the footing of pupils ‘ subject. Discipline constitutes one of the cardinal, critical and ambitious maps of the instructor. Largely, when viewed from the fact that pupils whom they manage their personal businesss are drawn from different place background, accommodates the influence of equal groups and therefore, were bound to exhibit different forms of behavior that may non conform with the instructional criterion of the school.

Discipline is an facet of school map which if non good maintained can render the school system uneffective. School subject as a affair of fact is seen as a critical component in the procedure by which pupils are enabled to map in the society. The general thought underlying this fact is that if the school is situated in the society and it is hoped that the merchandises of these schools will be absorbed into the society, the pupils must hence be made to develop rule-following and jurisprudence, adding wonts so that they conform to the general societal outlooks of the chief civilization absorbing its basic attitudes and beliefs, Sieber and Wilder ( 1997:70 ) point out that a society without regulations is impossible, and regulations without attitude of disapproval towards them are impossible. In the English Elementary School, obeisance was enforced mildly without any military end in head and in that subject was seen basically as a procedure of obedient preparation for society at big. On the other manus, thought of subject in footings of preparation for society, Docking ( 1990:4 ) says it may promote a schooling for subordination where instructors use their disciplinary authorization to fulfill some unrealized demand within themselves so that they are to see kids as a means instead than as terminals.

The publicity or care of effectual subject is indispensable if organised group action is to be effectual or productive whether the group is a nine, society, a brotherhood, a company, a concern or industrial concern or a state. The word subject connotes that the members or a group should moderately conform to the regulations and ordinances, which is the codification of behavior which have been formed for it or by it, so that every one may profit by them. People ‘s morale or industrial peace are decidedly proper by care of subject if the members of a group do non stay by the regulations of the administration, it may fall in. Chaos, confusion, noncompliance, disloyalty and antisocial or anti-organisational activities develop to the hurt of every one. In the word of Spriegel ( 1997:34 ) “ subject is the force that prompts an person or a group to detect the regulations, ordinances which are seemed to be necessary to the attainment of an nonsubjective ” . It is a factor, which restrains an person from making certain things, which are deemed to be riotous for the group objectives. It is besides the exercising of restraint or the enforcement of punishments for the misdemeanor of group ordinances. Therefore, subject can be said as an attitude of the head, a merchandise of civilization and a peculiar environment which promotes an person to willingly co-operate in the observation of the regulations of the organizational to which he belongs.

School subject is frequently seen as an of import ingredient in the procedure by which kids are enabled to map in the society because life in the society entails populating in association with certain agreed regulations, which govern one ‘s behavior. Therefore, maintaining order in the school is a multi-faced job associated with scope of interacting factors, such as the kid himself, place and neighbourhood influence, altering social values and outlooks, the school and its natural environment, and the single instructor.

The job of undiscipline is more evident among secondary school pupils all over the universe. Indiscipline among them has attracted serious attending of bookmans and decision makers. These bookmans and decision makers properties to their province of development. They opine that when pupils notice certain biological alterations signalling adulthood in the class of the growing and development, they tend to misconduct by blaming school regulations and ordinances Mukhargee ( 1995:17 ) .

Indiscipline is a manner of life non in conformance with regulations and non-subjected to command. By extension, the term connotes the misdemeanor of school regulations and ordinances capable of blockading the smooth and orderly, operation of the school system Adeyemo ( 1995:22 ) . School regulations and ordinances in most instances affect pupils more than any other thing because they are made by the school governments in order to steer and protect the pupils while in school.

Statement of the Problem

In the instruction and larning procedure certain identifiable jobs of indiscipline militate against its success and accomplishments.

That means for effectual instruction and acquisition to take topographic point at that place must be subject in order to do sensible accomplishments.

In malice of the attempt so far made by the authorities for the past eight old ages to control undiscipline in our secondary schools, delinquency, hooky, noncompliance, absenteeism, etc. are some of the jobs of learning and larning in our secondary schools in Abua/Odual Local Government Area.

This survey is hence interested in turn toing the jobs of undiscipline so that instruction and acquisition will better in our schools.

Purpose of the Study

The general intent of this survey includes the followers:

( a ) Determine the factors underlying the job of keeping effectual subject in secondary schools.

( B ) Ascertain the effects of such factors on academic public presentation.

( degree Celsius ) Make recommendation on the countries that would work out these jobs.

Research Questions

The survey shall be guided by the undermentioned research inquiries:

What factors are responsible for school undiscipline?

What are the effects of such factors on pupils ‘ academic public presentation?

What are the schemes adopted by instructors to forestall schoolroom undiscipline?

Does the rate of undiscipline among secondary school pupils ‘ addition or lessening for the past three old ages?

Are misss more receptive to instruction than male childs in secondary schools?

Significance of the Study

The importance of this survey includes the followers:

( 1 ) To supply information for authorities and school decision makers about the solution to the jobs of school undiscipline.

( 2 ) To supply relevant informations about the causes of undiscipline from instructors perspective.

( 3 ) To do recommendations and suggestions that perchance could assist work out the job of undiscipline.

Scope of the Study

The survey focal point on school undiscipline from 22 ( 22 ) selected secondary schools in Abua/Odual Local Government Area of Rivers State.

Definition of Footings

For the intent of this survey, the undermentioned nomenclatures shall be defined therefore:

Student: A individual who is analyzing in a school, particularly a secondary school.

Secondary School: This is a school for immature people between the age of 11 and 16.

Regulation: This is an official regulation made by authorization.

Discipline: This is the pattern of developing people to obey regulations and ordinances.

Indiscipline: This is deficiency of subject, control in the behavior of a group of people.

Chapter Two:

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

The chapter can be reviewed under the undermentioned headers.

2.1. Students discipline in Nigeria schools

2.2 Imperative of undiscipline in secondary schools

2.3. Causes of undiscipline

2.4 School undiscipline and academic accomplishment

2.5 School regulations and ordinances on pupil subject

2.6 The construct of in loco-parentis and its relationship to pupils ‘ subject

2.7 Student subject and schoolroom direction

2.8 Schemes of controling undiscipline

2.9 Summary of the literature reviewed

2.1 Students Discipline in Nigeria Schools

Harmonizing to Matsoga ( 2003:54 ) force and misbehaviors exist in Nigeria schools. This deficiency of subject which interferes with the instruction and acquisition procedure, manifests itself in assorted ways including intimidation, hooliganism, intoxicant and substance maltreatment, hooky, inability or involuntariness to make homework etc. Moswele ( 2004:146 ) and Matsoga ( 2003:53 ) .

Vandalizing school belongings is at bulwark and this has influenced the authorities to present school fees in order to repair, that which was broken such as window, window glasss, furniture and walls.

Larceny is besides common. For case, in 2003 pupils in one senior secondary school broke into a biological science research lab to steal ethanol Banda ( 2004:16 ) some of these pupils lost their lives and others lost their sight. In another senior secondary school, 19-year-old male child committed self-destruction after contending with another pupil over a borrowed home base Maleka ( 2003:162 ) . These atrocious Acts of the Apostless left the state speechless, non cognizing where such behavior originates. These incidents sprang the argument on the usage of bodily penalty in schools which concluded that Nigeria can non make off with it, but it has to be used conservatively Maleka ( 2003:162 ) and Keorang ( 2004:51 ) . Experience had it that, instructors may inquire for transportations ; while parents withdraw their kids from schools with legion instances of pupil misconduct such as the one mentioned above.

2.2 Imperative of undiscipline in secondary schools

Discipline in these schools is now go throughing through an occultation. The job of undiscipline is found everyplace, hence, pupils do no longer believe in difficult work as the lone honorable way to success. Slangs implying scrutiny malpractice like “ choking coil ” exhibit, dagbo, omokirikiri and the similar are common during scrutiny clip and they are expressed in such free but black that one somehow think that it does non intend anything. Children of the high and low, large and little, powerful and the downtrodden are involved in changing grades.

At this occasion, it would be worthwhile to foreground some of the prevalent instances and Acts of the Apostless of undiscipline amongst secondary school pupils.

1. Cultism

Cultism has all of a sudden become the elephantine monster that has swallowed up our moralss and ethical motives ; any pupil who fails to belong is rapidly “ packed ” off the phase by either being intimidated out of school or killed. Many have been forced to fall in antagonistic cultist group, which frequently produced fatal effects.

Section 329 ( 1 ) of the 1999 fundamental law of the federal democracy of Nigeria defines cultism ( secret cult ) as an association that uses secret marks, curses, rites or symbols and which is formed to advance a cause, the intent or portion of the intent which is to further the involvement of its members and to help one another under any circumstance without the respect to deserve, carnival or justness to the demerit of those who are non members. aˆ¦who members are sworn to detect curses of secrecyaˆ¦

2. Indecent Dressing

Near naked and other signifiers of nakedness is the order of the twenty-four hours in our schools. Kpakol ( 2004:62 ) argues that equal force per unit area, self-indulgence, and “ frock to kill ” -the deliberate wont of seting on seductive apparels to pull those of the opposite gender sexually or throw off balance emotionally. In this connexion Bellow, ( 1993:3 ) provinces that school subject is the preparation which produces in kids self-restraint, orderliness, good behavior, operation and the wont of acquiring the best out of themselves. It involves rational and moral instruction as opposed to mere order and direction.

3. Curriculum content

Any society whose educational system is careless about the demand of the society is doomed. It therefore, non plenty to hold a course of study. It is most of import that the course of study relates and adequately takes attention of the full social aspiration. Our course of study today is greatly lacking in moral instruction as contained in the course of study is moth-eaten and ignored. In some schools, it is non even taught.

The topics of History, Civic and Nature survey and so on that instantly inculcates the ideal state edifice to the young person are abolished societal surveies and incorporate scientific discipline that is fashioned in their position has proved to be incapable in content and pattern.

4. Parental Training

Charity it is said Begins from place. A parent who is non steadfast with his kids and lets them travel the bad is non sort to them. Parents do non frequently see the hereafter public assistance and success of their kids as of great importance. Firmness is non shown by changeless chiding, whipping and fussing, this is to many pedagogues indicates failing.

In add-on, some parents are ever disputing and contending. This decidedly makes the pupils non to hold fondness and develop negative attitude to life. In school, that pupil may be and ever picking wrangle with his equal because this is what he grew up with.

2.3 Causes of Indiscipline

Indiscipline as we have noted elsewhere is non a new phenomenon. It has engaged the attending of many authors and writers at different degrees. Causes of undiscipline in secondary schools are legion. They include school society, incorrect ideals, idling, deficiency of good leading, unfairness, deficiency of realistic regulations, bad place preparation and upbringing, etc.

Okoroma ( 2000:1109 ) and Nwankwo ( 1991:67 ) note that the causes and symptoms of undiscipline are many and vary from school to school and from topographic point to topographic point. In their position, some symptoms of indiscipline include general agitation and deliberate breaches of school regulations, peaceful and violent presentation, mass noncompliance, hooky, delinquency, absenteeism, drug usage and maltreatment, every bit good as inebriation.

Shakaran ( 1997:47 ) and Nwankwo ( 1991:67 ) have identified the causes of undiscipline in secondary schools in Nigeria to include autocratic methods, bad staff behavior, rough school regulations, hapless communicating, consequences, deficiency of equal school installations, influence of place and society. In this paper, we nevertheless, proffer a multi-dimensional attack to this firing issue of undiscipline in our secondary schools ; therefore our consideration of the causes of undiscipline will be multi-dimensional.

1. Social Influence

There has become a sudden displacement from virtue to miss luster. Accomplishments are no longer measured by committedness and capableness but influence and stuff wealth who you know than what you are measured up in footings of virtue, is what determines publicity. Thus, a pupil need non fire the dark taper.

2. Corruptness

This is the oldest boy of undiscipline. This boy has grown up that it frequently stands shoulder to shoulder with its male parent undiscipline. What permeates all the stretch of our society today is how to do it rapidly. Public finance meant for public assistance programmes that would hold stemmed the assistance of mal-behaviour in our young persons and striplings gets diverted to redundant programmes or private pockets. To such extent, there is no motive in those who should be seen to be disciplined. With empty tummy, ragged dressing, hopeless adjustment, unbearable wellness, there is no manner a individual can defy enticement.

3. Rural-urban Drift

Closely related to the issue of authorities policy and corruptness is the issue of rural-urban impetus. A author one time said that everyone is a small town by root. The rate, at which our young persons and striplings migrate from the serene, quiet and less flagitious life in the small town to the noisy, burdensome, busy and unnecessarily over populated metropoliss, is dismaying. One identified ground for this as straight-out deficiency of basic installations and substructure in our small towns. Where there is any, it is frequently in a province of desperation so grossly unequal that no young person would see his mate coming place from the metropolis without being tempted to savor the metropolis. This sudden transmutation from the small town to metropolis life is bound to bring forth unpalatable effects. This explains why secondary school pupils are engaged in offenses today either to be able to prolong the pacing of life in the metropolis or in readying to acquire to the metropolis.

2.4 School Indiscipline and Academic Achievement

In schoolroom instruction, subject implies the control of a category to accomplish desirable behavior. The construct of school subject and school wagess has the similar aims of helping pupils to do maximal accomplishment in their academic chases. Harmonizing to Nwankwo ( 1991:67 ) “ train behavior involves features such as selflessness, diligence, co-operation, unity, consideration and understanding for others every bit good as the fright of God ” . He goes on to state that subject is a system of steering the person to do sensible and responsible determinations. In schoolroom instruction, subject means the control of a category to accomplish desirable behavior. Discipline involves self-denial ; a disciplined individual knows and takes the right class of action. He is guided non merely by self-interest, but besides by consideration of involvement of others. A disciplined person is besides guided in his behavior by moral and societal rules.

Factors of undiscipline that lead to low academic accomplishment are common with pupil from socio-economic position households Alumode ( 2002:84 ) . This is because instructors are frequently prejudiced against young person from low socio-economic position households and show discriminatory intervention to pupils from high socio-economic position households Manster ( 2001:297 ) . Another ground is that equal influences on low socio-economic pupils are frequently antisocial and delinquency prone, stressing early matrimony for the misss and pack activities for the male childs Conger ( 1993:13 ) . Blodsoe ( 2005:28 ) believes that the quality of interaction among members of the striplings household influence the grade of subject and success in school work. Harmonizing to him, the surveies of the household relationship of bright, high-achieving pupils versus under-achieving high school pupils shows that the high winners more frequently than under-achievers describe their parents as typically sharing holiday and thoughts as apprehension, O.K.ing, swearing, fondness etc. encouraging ( but non coercing ) with regard to accomplishment and over restrictive or terrible in subject.

2.5 School Rules and Regulation on Discipline

The Education Act of 1999 has documented some regulations and ordinances that govern pupil subject in Nigeria schools. It stipulates methods and process for minor and terrible disciplinary steps such as bodily penalty, suspension and pupil ejection. Rules and ordinances are drawn for the orderly behavior of the school personal businesss. Some of them are written and others are implied and they recognised by jurisprudence. Addressing the issue of regulations and ordinances Nwangwu ( 2009:142 ) province that:

The Schools Board and single school governments have the right to do any sensible regulations and ordinances for the orderly behavior of school personal businesss in the involvement of the full school and school system.

The cardinal point raised above is that those commissariats are made by relevant authorised organic structures to direct and spell out the relationship between instructors, pupil and school governments. The duty is hence on every member of the school system to esteem and obey the regulations, as any breach must be followed by the application of appropriate disciplinary steps. The tribunals of jurisprudence shall ever set into consideration the “ rationality and constitutional right ” of the school regulations and ordinances. Rules that encroached on a constitutional right of pupils will constantly be invalidated by tribunals.

2.6 The Concept of in Loco-Parentis and its Relationship to Student ‘s Discipline

In educational circle, the particular relationship which exists between pupils and the school teacher sing subject is termed in loco-parentis. It is assumed that the instructor in executing certain functions particularly as it relate to command of parental legal power.

Harmonizing to Remmlein and Wane in Igwe ( 1998:82 ) in loco-parentis agencies “ in topographic point of the parent, charged with some of the parent ‘s right, responsibilities and duties ” .

The deduction is that school teachers or governments stand in topographic point of parents in regard to pupils ‘ instruction and subject. By this it is expected that instructor have the constantly contracted with parents to execute some of the responsibilities and maps of the latter. The instructor is hence expected to move moderately in this capacity.

In present, the instructors moving in loco-parent is to train an error-prone pupil, and should guarantee that the penalty was done moderately and in good religion in order to avoid dearly-won and awkward tribunal instances. The instructor should move within the bound of this rule, because harmonizing to Eferakaya ( 1998:17 ) , school functionaries who perpetuate Acts of the Apostless of undiscipline can no longer be protected by the in balmy parentis doctrines the tribunals are rather positive that the school is incapable of presuming full parental duties.

2.7 Student ‘s Indiscipline and Classroom Management

The International Dictionary of Education officially defines subject as a term to depict teacher schoolroom control or general restraint of students behaviour Lingworth ( 2004:18 ) argues that coercion can ne’er be a method of educating in the sense that where instructors tend to construe control of menaces thereby coercing pupils to larn what he has taught them is far behind the truth.

Another interesting facet of subject and administrative control is the usage of scientific processs known as behavior alteration based on the acquisition theory developed by Skinner who advocates some technique and positive support such as utilizing wagess to convey approximately and keep coveted behaviors combined with extinction behavior i.e. weakening unsought behavior by disregarding it or by otherwise taking its wages effects.

However, the work of Lauwerys ( 1999:42 ) is discovered to be in contrast with the scientific processs of behaviour alteration and psychodrama work of Piaget. His work on schoolroom direction focuses attending on the instructors ‘ public presentation that he knows what is traveling on, his ability to ease smooth dealing from one activity to another and manage motion and type of demand he makes from student. There is bound to be struggle when disposal in school is taken to be stiff and regimentation, where pupils have to fear disposals instead than esteem them. Fagbula ( 2002:80 ) in his work concludes that instructors instead than settle their minor affairs take them to the school decision makers create a job to administrative control of schools. Bad administrative control can impede effectual subject tone in the school. These can take the signifier of giving bad and unequal nutrient to pupils, uneffective instruction, bad staff behavior, autocratic methods of disposal, high school regulations, chesty attitude of the school prefects, unsatisfactory course of study, hapless scrutiny consequences, hapless communicating between decision makers and school students.

2.8 Schemes for Controling Indiscipline

It is imperative to guarantee that the best behavior and conditions are inculcates, established and maintained for effectual acquisition to take topographic point in our secondary schools. This can be realised if we accept that the instructor has the power to enforce subject by utilizing some kind of power over this pupils.

However, this is merely possible to a small extent, for it to hold meaningful impact it must besides take into history the psychological demands and development degree of the pupil.

A well-managed school begins with thorough progress planning by the school caput and the instructors. Consequently, extrinsic and intrinsic motive should be used, positive and negative motive, proviso and satisfaction of pupils need the instructor holding equal cognition of the topic, learning pupils how to larn and doing them to utilize their clip efficaciously.

The school environment should be busy, and an active topographic point in which the pupils and instructors know that they are on the same side working together to accomplish something worthwhile. Such an environment is likely to set up common regard, and a mild rebuke or look of letdown on the portion of the instructor will heighten subject.

Cleanliness and tidiness of environing, non being overly noisy or riotous when others are working, taking attention of communal belongings, and promptness exhibition of normal courtesies expected by the society to be observed. The regulations can be established by quite continuity and good illustration by the instructor.

In kernel, good subject enables the kind of psychological demand proposed by Maslow and others to be satisfied. This is because most disciplinary instances are as a consequence of unrealized basic demands. The instructor should look carefully at each degree including the most basic psychological one of nutrition and airing.

2.9 Summary of the Reviewed Literature

The chapter examined the construct of undiscipline as it derived from the word subject. Discipline here means a manner of life in conformity with regulations, subjected to command. Therefore, undiscipline means deficiency of control in the behavior of a group of people. Associating the above to the school environment, undiscipline could be referred to as inability of a individual to populate in conformity with school regulations and ordinance ; it is the breakage of regulations and ordinances of establishment.

Imperative and causes of undiscipline were discussed from the multi-dimensional position, which include cultism, indecorous dressing, course of study content, parental preparation, social influence, corruptness and rural-urban impetus. Again, school undiscipline and academic accomplishment, which implies the control of a category to accomplish desired behavior was discussed. The chapter besides examined school regulations and ordinances on subject, which are drawn up to modulate school activities for the orderly behavior of the school personal businesss.

The construct of in loco-parentis and its relationship to pupil subject, which is the particular relationship that exist between pupils and the school instructor sing subject, because the instructor is expected to stand in topographic point of the parent in regard to pupils ‘ instruction and subject.

Finally, schemes of controling undiscipline which include pedagogical, societal and psychological techniques of controling undiscipline in secondary school were proffered.

Chapter THREE:

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

This chapter presents the research methodological analysis to be adopted for the survey. It is organised under the undermentioned header: Research Design, Population of the Study, Sample and Sampling Technique, Instrumentation, Validity of the Instrument, Administration of the Instrument, and Data Analysis Technique.

3.1 Research Design

The research design adopted for this survey is the descriptive study research design, which is concerned with status or relationships that exist and patterns that prevail.

Specifically, it is concerned with identified the jobs of undiscipline in secondary schools in Abua/Odual Local Government Area.

3.2 Population of the Study

The population of this survey is 440 individuals, who are instructors in the 22 ( 22 ) secondary schools in Abua/Odual Local Government Area.

3.3 Sample and Sampling Techniques

A graded random trying technique was used for the survey. Out of 22 ( 22 ) secondary schools in Abua/Odual Local Government Area, 10 ( 10 ) were sampled out through the ballot system ; this represents 46 % of secondary schools in Abua/Odual Local Government.

In each school, ten ( 10 ) instructors were indiscriminately selected to give 100 instructors, which represent 52 % of the entire figure of instructors in Abua/Odual Local Government Area. Thus, the sample for this survey is made up of 100 respondents.

3.4 Development of Research Instrument The instrument for this survey is questionnaire titled “ Questionnaire for Teachers on undiscipline jobs ” ( QTIP ) . It was developed for this survey and addressed to assorted respondents with structured inquiries developed based on the aims of the survey and the literature reviewed.

The instrument is divided into two ( 2 ) subdivisions ( A and B ) . Section “ A ” trades with the personal information of the respondents ; subdivision “ B ” sought responses to points on factors, which militate against the effectual care of subject in secondary schools.

The questionnaire adopted the 4-point Likert summated evaluation graduated table with values: Strongly Agree ( SA ) = 4 ; Agree ( A ) = 3 ; Disagree ( D ) = 2 ; and Strongly Disagree ( SD ) = 1.

3.5 Validity of the Instrument

The instrument was given to the supervisor and senior lectors in the section who are experts in educational direction to analyze and do corrections. They scrutinize point by point and make up one’s mind its cogency to arouse the necessary information needed to supply equal replies to the research inquiries.

The concluding bill of exchange of instrument was designed to reflect corrections of the experts in the section. Besides the research worker ensured that the five interested research job countries, which militate against the effectual care of subject in secondary schools to guarantee that it is equal plenty to mensurate, what is supposed to mensurate and guaranting that the desirable consequence is achieved.

3.6 Administration of the Instrument

The instrument for this survey was administered personally by the research worker. The completed transcripts were retrieved on the topographic point while the others were retrieved subsequently.

3.7 Data Analysis Technique

The responses was based on the 4-point Likert summated evaluation graduated table will be analysed and presented in tabular array by agencies of per centums.

A determination on the research inquiries was made to get at by spliting frequence of happening by the entire figure of respondents and multiplied the merchandise by 100, that is:

Frequency of happening x 100

Number of respondents 1

Chapter FOUR:

PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA

In this chapter the information collected is presented and analysed as follows:

Research inquiry one: What factors are responsible for school undiscipline?

Note: the followers was used to analyse the work.

Strongly Agree ( SA ) = 4

Agree ( A ) = 3

Disagree ( D ) = 2

Strongly Disagree ( SD ) = 1

Table 4.1

Factors of school undiscipline

S/NO

Items

SA

A

Cum %

Calciferol

South dakota

Cum %

Remark

1.

Absence of bodily penalty in school encourages indiscipline.

29

34

63

20

17

37

Agree

2.

Poor disposal in school constitutes a major job to indiscipline.

37

30

67

14

19

33

Agree

3.

Irregular payment of instructors ‘ salary adds to indiscipline in schools.

34

32

66

22

12

34

Agree

4.

Bad association among pupils promote undiscipline in schools.

37

26

63

18

19

37

Agree

The information on the above tabular array 4.1: shows that ( 63 % ) of the respondent agreed that absence of bodily penalty in schools encourage indiscipline, while ( 37 % ) disagreed. The tabular array besides shows that hapless disposal ( 67 % ) , Bad association among pupils ( 63 % ) , and irregular payment of instructors ‘ wages ( 66 % ) are other factors that contribute to indiscipline. The high spot is that the respondents agreed to all the four points age part to school undiscipline.

Research Question Two: what are the effects of such factors on pupil academic public presentation?

Table 4.2

School undiscipline and low academic public presentation

S/NO

Items

SA

SA

Cum %

Calciferol

South dakota

Cum %

Remark

1.

Delinquency contributes to low academic public presentation in schools.

37

31

68

17

15

32

Agree

2.

Examination malpractice encourages low academic public presentation in schools.

34

27

61

16

23

39

Agree

3.

Truancy influence low academic public presentation in schools.

30

39

69

18

13

31

Agree

4.

Absenteeism among student contributes low academic public presentation.

38

34

72

12

16

28

Agree

Table 4.2 indicates all the factors considered are conducive to low academic public presentation of secondary school pupils in Abua/Odual Local Government Area. The respondents agreed that delinquency ( 68 % ) ; scrutiny malpractice ( 61 % ) , hooky ( 69 % ) , and absenteeism ( 72 % ) are the disciplinary jobs which contribute to low academic public presentation in secondary schools.

Research Question Three: What are the schemes adopted by instructors to forestall schoolroom undiscipline?

Table 4.3

Schemes for forestalling schoolroom undiscipline

S/NO

Items

SA

A

Cum %

Calciferol

South dakota

Cum %

Remark

1.

Introduction of moral surveies prevent schoolroom undiscipline.

37

34

71

13

16

29

Agree

2.

Introduction of bodily penalty can forestall schoolroom undiscipline.

31

36

67

18

15

33

Agree

3.

Expeling pupils from school prevents schoolroom undiscipline.

6

21

27

40

33

73

Disagree

4.

Introduction of spiritual instruction in school can forestall schoolroom undiscipline.

36

29

65

25

10

35

Agree

Table 4.3 shows the proffered schemes for forestalling schoolroom undiscipline in secondary school to include: debut of bodily penalty ( 67 % ) respondent agreed, while ( 33 % ) disagreed. Other consequences show that spiritual surveies ( 65 % ) and moral instruction ( 71 % ) should be introduced in the school course of study. The respondents which form ( 73 % ) of the entire respondents disagreed that throw outing pupil from school can forestall schoolroom undiscipline.

Research Question Four: Does the rate of undiscipline among secondary school pupils addition or lessening for the past three old ages?

Table 4.4

Rate of undiscipline

S/NO

Items

SA

A

Cum %

Calciferol

South dakota

Cum %

Remark

1.

The rate of undiscipline now is worse than old old ages.

37

39

76

14

10

24

Agree

2.

The rate of undiscipline now is better than old old ages.

21

26

47

29

24

53

Disagree

3.

The rate of undiscipline now is the same with old old ages.

19

27

46

22

32

54

Disagree

4.

The rate of undiscipline now is non the same with old old ages.

31

26

57

24

19

43

Agree

The information on the above tabular array 4.4: shows that ( 76 % ) of the respondent agreed that the rate of undiscipline now is worse than old old ages, while ( 24 % ) disagreed. Other consequence shows that ( 53 % ) of the respondents disagreed that the rate of undiscipline now is better than old old ages, ( 54 % ) disagreed that the rate of undiscipline now is the same with old old ages. Again, ( 57 % ) of the respondents agreed that the rate of undiscipline now is non the same with old old ages.

Research Question Five: Are misss more receptive to instruction than male childs in secondary schools?

Table 4.5:

Discipline between male childs and misss

S/NO

Items

SA

A

Cum %

Calciferol

South dakota

Cum %

Remark

1.

Girls are more receptive to instruction than male childs in schools.

29

34

63

16

21

37

Agree

2.

Male childs are more receptive to instruction than misss in schools.

14

24

38

36

26

62

Disagree

3.

Girls are more obedient than male childs in schools.

39

30

69

15

16

31

Agree

4.

Male childs are more obedient than misss in schools.

22

23

45

30

25

55

Disagree

4.5 indicate that ( 63 % ) of respondents agreed that misss are more receptive to instruction than male childs in schools, while ( 37 % ) of the respondents disagreed. Other consequences indicate that ( 62 % ) of the respondents disagreed that male childs are more receptive to instruction than misss in school. Again, ( 69 % ) of respondents agreed that misss are more obedient than male childs in schools. Finally, ( 55 % ) of the entire respondent disagreed that male childs are more obedient than misss in schools, while ( 45 % ) agreed.

Chapter FIVE:

SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

This chapter deals with sum-up of findings, decision of survey, recommendation and suggestion for farther surveies based on the per centum informations obtained and analysed in the old chapter.

5.1 Summary of Findingss

This probe on the jobs of undiscipline in Abua/Odual secondary schools is aimed at happening all the factors that militate against the care of effectual subject in schools. From the consequence obtained and observations made, some vital organs decisions are drawn.

1. The survey shows that absence of bodily penalty in schools encourages indiscipline.

2. Poor disposal in schools constitutes a major job to train in secondary schools.

3. It was besides observed that irregular payment of instructors ‘ wages add to indiscipline in schools.

4. The survey besides reveals that bad association among pupils promote undiscipline in schools.

5.2 Decisions

The survey has shown that indiscipline exist in secondary schools due to some factors. Among them include deficiency of bodily penalty, hapless disposal, irregular payment of instructor ‘s salary, bad association among pupils.

The survey has besides confirmed that factors that lead to low academic public presentation in Abua/Odual secondary schools include ; delinquency, scrutiny malpractice, hooky and absenteeism.

5.3 Recommendations

Based on the findings, the undermentioned recommendations were made:

1. The usage of bodily penalty should be reintroduced in secondary schools.

2. Teachers wages and other public assistance bundles should be paid on a regular basis in order to hike productiveness and besides deter them from paying attending to other trades.

3. Religious surveies should be taken serious by doing it mandatory in schools irrespective of whether pupils are scientific discipline or art oriented.

4. The authorities can advance subject in schools by supplying each school with the necessary installations, qualified and motivated instructors who are able to demo committedness to pupils ‘ public assistance.

5.4 Restrictions of the Study

The undermentioned jobs were encountered in the cause of this survey.

1. Fiscal job: deficiency of finance has hinders in acquiring much needed stuffs for the work.

2. Lack of clip: this was besides a major factor that contributed to the survey because of the short clip frame ; the survey was narrowed into a smaller sample.

3. Transportation system troubles have hindered the distribution of the questionnaire in different schools in the country ; this caused a great hindrance to the research worker.

5.5 Suggestions for farther Surveies

This is a small-scale survey ; a countrywide survey with a larger population is suggested. It is believed that such a survey could break informed practicians, instructors, pedagogues and policy shapers about the phenomenon.

Besides, other research workers in other countries of subject should copy the survey in other geographical or institutional scenes.