Posture and Gestures
Posture and Gestures Posture In humans, posture can provide important nonverbal communication. Posture deals with: how the body is positioned in relation to another person or group of persons (for example, leaning stance, posture, standing, sitting, etc. ) and how they are positioned relative to each other various body parts (eg leg imposed on the leg, hand in pocket, etc. ) physique, that is how the body looks like (for example, whether it is large, has a broad back, weak legs, large head, etc. Communication expressed posture Non-verbal communication developed in humans earlier than verbal communication. In humans, one of the means of communication, such as its position in the hierarchy of the group or attitude toward others, is the appropriate attitude gain (in addition to facial expressions, personal distances, gestures and body movements). Posture conveys information about: attitudes of interpersonal relations – for example I like – I do not like, want to avoid, etc. ersonality traits – such as confidence, submissiveness, openness, the need social standing – social origin, position in the social hierarchy (particularly if it is analyzed in the context of postures callers) current emotional states – fear, sense of security, relaxation, tension frustrations of developmental traits or character, mental injuries (traumas), etc. characteristics of temperament – according to the theory of Hippocrates, Kretschmer, Sheldon. Analysis of posture
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Posture inform both the enduring characteristics of the person (character, temperament, etc. ), and of its current internal states (emotions, attitudes that have been raised, etc. ). Therefore, posture can be considered in the context of a given situation, and independently of it. It should be noted, however, that people assume certain postures in a habitual manner. Although at the time of manufacture habit usually posture is a reflection of inner states, it is a habit may lose the function of inducing or suppressing relevant experience and experience.
During the analysis of posture and other non-verbal communication, it is easy to commit a fundamental attribution error – that is subject to the illusion that informs the attitude of permanent human internal characteristics and not the reactions caused by situational factors. Gestures Gestures are a form of nonverbal communication in which visible bodily actions are used to communicate particular messages, either in place of speech or together and in parallel with spoken words. Gestures include movement of the hands, face, or other parts of the body.
Physical non-verbal communication such as purely expressive displays, proxemics, or displays of joint attention differ from gestures, which communicate specific messages. Gestures are culture-specific and can convey very different meanings in different social or cultural settings. Although some gestures, such as the ubiquitous act of pointing, differ little from one place to another, most gestures do not have invariable or universal meanings but connote specific meanings in particular cultures.
A single emblematic gesture can have very different significance in different cultural contexts, ranging from complimentary to highly offensive. Some hand gestures ·A-ok or Okay, made by connecting the thumb and forefinger in a circle and holding the other fingers straight, may signal the word okay; especially as a diving signal. ·Crossed fingers are used to superstitiously wish for good luck or to nullify a promise. ·Finger gun is a hand gesture in which the subject uses their hand to mimic a handgun.
If pointed to oneself, it may indicate boredom or awkwardness; when pointed to another, it is interpreted as a threat of violence, either genuine or in jest as if to say “Bam”. ·High five is a celebratory ritual in which two people simultaneously raise one hand and then slap these hands together. ·Salute refers to a number of gestures used to display respect, especially among armed forces. ·V sign is made by raising the index and middle fingers and separating them to form a V. With the back of the hand facing outwards this is an offensive gesture in the United Kingdom.
With the palm facing outwards this sign began to be used during World War II to indicate “V for Victory”. In the United States it is used to mean “peace”. Basic Concept A gesture is a form of non-verbal communication in which visible bodily actions communicate particular messages, either in place of speech or together and in parallel with spoken words. Gestures include movement of the hands, face, or other parts of the body. Gestures differ from physical non-verbal communication that does not communicate specific messages, such as purely expressive displays, proxemics, or displays of joint attention.
Gestures allow individuals to communicate a variety of feelings and thoughts, from contempt and hostility to approval and affection, often together with body language in addition to words when they speak. The word “posture” comes from the Latin verb “ponere” which is defined as “to put or place. ” The general concept of human posture refers to “the carriage of the body as a whole, the attitude of the body, or the position of the limbs (the arms and legs). “